Infrastructure is the fundamental facilities and systems serving a country, city or another area. This includes the services and facilities necessary for its economy to function. Composed of public and private physical improvements such as roads, bridges, tunnels, water supply, sewers, electrical grids, telecommunications. In general, it has also defined as “the physical components of interrelated systems providing commodities and services essential to enable, sustain, or enhance societal living conditions.”

There are two general types of ways to view infrastructure, hard or soft. The hard one refers to the physical networks necessary for the functioning of modern industry.This includes roads, bridges, railways, etc. Soft infrastructure refers to all the institutions that maintain the economic, health, social, and cultural standards of a country. This includes educational programs, parks and recreational facilities, law enforcement agencies, and emergency services.

The word infrastructure has used in English since 1887 and in French since 1875, initially meaning “The installations that form the basis for any operation or system” The word imported from French, where it means subgrade, the native material underneath a constructed pavement or railway.